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Pakistan continues to internationally highlight the dire situation in the Indian occupied Jammu & Kashmir and the plight of the Kashmiri people in the face of inhuman lockdown since India’s illegal and unilateral actions of 5 August 2019.

As part of this ongoing effort, Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi has addressed another comprehensive letter to the President of the Security Council and the Secretary General of the United Nations on 31 October 2019.

Among other things, the Foreign Minister conveyed Pakistan’s rejection of the “bifurcation” of Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir; highlighted the continued violation of human rights by Indian occupation forces; underlined India’s belligerent rhetoric and actions vis-à-vis Pakistan; and reiterated the call for strengthening of UNMOGIP.

At Pakistan’s request, the Foreign Minister’s letter has since been circulated to the UN membership as an Official document of the Security Council.

Text of the Foreign Minister’s letter is appended below:


In continuation of my letters of 1, 6, 13 and 26 August, and 16 September 2019, I want to bring to your attention the latest developments, including the illegal “bifurcation” of the Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir (IOJ&K) and continued escalation on the Line of Control (LoC), as well as increasingly belligerent rhetoric emanating from New Delhi.

The Government of Pakistan has rejected the “bifurcation” of Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IOJ&K) into two Union Territories. Changing the status quo in IOJ&K unilaterally is in complete violation of the Security Council Resolutions, including Resolutions 47 (1948), 51 (1948), 80 (1950), 91 (1951), 122 (1957) and 123 (1957). These Indian actions are therefore null and void in terms of international law, and do not, in any way, prejudice the right to self determination of the people of IOJ&K.

In parallel, the inhuman lockdown that was started after the illegal and unilateral actions of the Indian Government on 5 August 2019, is now closing in on three months. The iron curtain that has descended on IOJ&K, holding over 8 million Kashmiris under siege, has no parallel in recent history. Indian pretentions of “everything is fine” has been exposed by denial of access to international media, leaders of India’s own political parties and civil society organizations to IOJ&K.

The situation has been further compounded by the belligerent attitude adopted by the Indian civil and military leadership. One example of this irresponsible and inflammatory posture is the highly provocative statement by the Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, calling for splitting of a sovereign country, in complete disregard for the Charter of the United Nations, international law and norms of civilized international behavior.

This was followed by a baseless and fallacious statement by Indian Army Chief, General Bipin Rawat, alleging that the Indian army had destroyed “launch pads/terrorist camps” on the Pakistani side of the Line of Control. Despite our immediate request to the Indian High Commission in Islamabad to share details, including longitudes and latitudes of the location, no response was received from India. What had actually happened was unprovoked ceasefire violations by Indian troops, targeting civilians on the Pakistan side of the LoC. To expose the Indian falsehood, we took members of the diplomatic corps based in Islamabad, as well as media representatives, to the site of Indian ceasefire violations. We also invited Islamabad-based Indian diplomats to join. They however, chose to stay away. There were, of course, no “launch pads/terrorist camps”.

This episode once again exposes the intent of the Indian government, which seems willing to go to any extent to malign Pakistan, and take actions to divert international attention from the nightmare the people of IOJ&K are going through. On 29 October, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) shared with the world community the latest update on the dire human rights situation in IOJ&K, stating that it was “extremely concerned”, and highlighting prevention of freedom of movement, hampering the rights to peaceful assembly, health, education and freedom of religion and belief, as well as excessive use of force including the use of pellet guns. Many of political and civil society leaders continue to remain in detention, according to this update.

In view of the above, allow me to reiterate my earlier request for the UN Security Council to work on strengthening both the mandate as well as the capacity of the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) – the eyes and ears of the international community. This would not only be an important confidence building measure, but a strengthened UNMOGIP would also be able to feed in accurate and timely information to the Secretariat and the UNSC, in order for them to avert escalation.

Let me also call on the Security Council to remain actively seized of the matter and urgently address the deteriorating situation in the region, that is threatening regional peace and security.”

18 November 2019

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